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#1. The development team at a company creates serverless solutions using AWS Lambda. Functions are invoked by clients via AWS API Gateway which anyone can access. The team lead would like to control access using a 3rd party authorization mechanism. As a Developer Associate, which of the following options would you recommend for the given use-case?
#2. A company uses Elastic Beanstalk to manage its IT infrastructure on AWS Cloud and it would like to deploy the new application version to the EC2 instances. When the deployment is executed, some instances should serve requests with the old application version, while other instances should serve requests using the new application version until the deployment is completed. Which deployment meets this requirement without incurring additional costs?
#3. You have deployed a Java application to an EC2 instance where it uses the X-Ray SDK. When testing from your personal computer, the application sends data to X-Ray but when the application runs from within EC2, the application fails to send data to X-Ray. Which of the following does NOT help with debugging the issue?
#4. A firm runs its technology operations on a fleet of Amazon EC2 instances. The firm needs a certain software to be available on the instances to support their daily workflows. The developer team has been told to use the user data feature of EC2 instances. Which of the following are true about the user data EC2 configuration? ( Select two)
#5. A company has hired you as an AWS Certified Developer Associate to help with redesigning a real-time data processor. The company wants to build custom applications that process and analyze the streaming data for its specialized needs. Which solution will you recommend to address this use-case?
#6. A SaaS company runs a HealthCare web application that is used worldwide by users. There have been requests by mobile developers to expose public APIs for the application-specific functionality. You decide to make the APIs available to mobile developers as product offerings. Which of the following options will allow you to do that?
#7. You are a developer in a manufacturing company that has several servers on-site. The company decides to move new development to the cloud using serverless technology. You decide to use the AWS Serverless Application Model (AWS SAM) and work with an AWS SAM template file to represent your serverless architecture. Which of the following is NOT a valid serverless resource type?
#8. You are running workloads on AWS and have embedded RDS database connection strings within each web server hosting your applications. After failing a security audit, you are looking at a different approach to store your secrets securely and automatically rotate the database credentials. Which AWS service can you use to address this use-case?
#9. A developer is configuring a bucket policy that denies upload object permission to any requests that do not include the x-amz-server-side-encryption header requesting server-side encryption with SSE-KMS for an Amazon S3 bucket - examplebucket. Which of the following policies is the right fit for the given requirement?
#10. You have chosen AWS Elastic Beanstalk to upload your application code and allow it to handle details such as provisioning resources and monitoring. When creating configuration files for AWS Elastic Beanstalk which naming convention should you follow?
#11. You are a developer for a web application written in .NET which uses the AWS SDK. You need to implement an authentication mechanism that returns a JWT (JSON Web Token). Which AWS service will help you with token handling and management?
#12. Your company has stored all application secrets in SSM Parameter Store. The audit team has requested to get a report to better understand when and who has issued API calls against SSM Parameter Store. Which of the following options can be used to produce your report?
#13. ECS Fargate container tasks are usually spread across Availability Zones (AZs) and the underlying workloads need persistent cross-AZ shared access to the data volumes configured for the container tasks. Which of the following solutions is the best choice for these workloads?
#14. To enable HTTPS connections for his web application deployed on the AWS Cloud, a developer is in the process of creating server certificate. Which AWS entities can be used to deploy SSL/TLS server certificates? (Select two)
#15. As part of his development work, an AWS Certified Developer Associate is creating policies and attaching them to IAM identities. After creating necessary Identity-based policies, he is now creating Resource-based policies. Which is the only resource-based policy that the IAM service supports?
#16. In addition to regular sign-in credentials, AWS supports Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) for accounts with privileged access. Which of the following MFA mechanisms is NOT for root user authentication?
#17. A multi-national company has just moved to AWS Cloud and it has configured forecast-based AWS Budgets alerts for cost management. However, no alerts have been received even though the account and the budgets have been created almost three weeks ago. What could be the issue with the AWS Budgets configuration?
#18. A Developer has been entrusted with the job of securing certain S3 buckets that are shared by a large team of users. Last time, a bucket policy was changed, the bucket was erroneously available for everyone, outside the organization too. Which feature/service will help the developer identify similar security issues with minimum effort?
#19. A startup with newly created AWS account is testing different EC2 instances. They have used Burstable performance instance - T2.micro - for 35 seconds and stopped the instance. At the end of the month, what is the instance usage duration that the company is charged for?
#20. You are creating a Cloud Formation template to deploy your CMS application running on an EC2 instance within your AWS account. Since the application will be deployed across multiple regions, you need to create a map of all the possible values for the base AMI. How will you invoke the !FindInMap function to fulfill this use case?
#21. Your company has configured AWS Organizations to manage multiple AWS accounts. Within each AWS account, there are many CloudFormation scripts running. Your manager has requested that each script output the account number of the account the script was executed in. Which Pseudo parameter will you use to get this information?
#22. As an AWS Certified Developer Associate, you been asked to create an AWS Elastic Beanstalk environment to handle deployment for an application that has high traffic and high availability needs. You need to deploy the new version using Beanstalk while making sure that performance and availability are not affected. Which of the following is the MOST optimal way to do this while keeping the solution cost-effective?
#23. An IT company is configuring Auto Scaling for its Amazon EC2 instances spread across different AZs and Regions. Which of the following scenarios are NOT correct about EC2 Auto Scaling? (Select two)
#24. A company is looking at optimizing their Amazon EC2 instance costs. Few instances are sure to run for a few years, but the instance type might change based on business requirements. Which EC2 instance purchasing option should they opt to meet the reduced cost criteria?
#25. An organization has hosted its EC2 instances in two AZs. AZ1 has two instances and AZ2 has 8 instances. The Elastic Load Balancer managing the instances in the two AZs has cross-zone load balancing enabled in its configuration. What percentage traffic will each of the instances in AZ1 receive?
#26. A company has built its technology stack on AWS serverless architecture for managing all its business functions. To expedite development for a new business requirement, the company is looking at using pre-built serverless applications. Which AWS service represents the easiest solution to address this use-case?
#27. You have created a Java application that uses RDS for its main data storage and ElastiCache for user session storage. The application needs to be deployed using Elastic Beanstalk and every new deployment should allow the application servers to reuse the RDS database. On the other hand, user session data stored in ElastiCache can be re-created for every deployment. Which of the following configurations will allow you to achieve this? (Select two)
#28. A developer has been asked to create an application that can be deployed across a fleet of EC2 instances. The configuration must allow for full control over the deployment steps using the blue-green deployment. Which service will help you achieve that?
#29. A development team wants to deploy an AWS Lambda function that requires significant CPU utilization. As a Developer Associate, which of the following would you suggest for reducing the average runtime of the function?
#30. An organization has offices across multiple locations and the technology team has configured an Application Load Balancer across targets in multiple Availability Zones. The team wants to analyze the incoming requests for latencies and the client's IP address patterns. Which feature of the Load Balancer will help collect the required information?
#31. An e-commerce company has developed an API that is hosted on Amazon ECS. Variable traffic spikes on the application are causing order processing to take too long. The application processes orders using Amazon SQS queues. The ApproximateNumberOfMessagesVisible metric spikes at very high values throughout the day which triggers the CloudWatch alarm. Other ECS metrics for the API containers are well within limits. As a Developer Associate, which of the following will you recommend for improving performance while keeping costs low?
#32. Which of the following best describes how KMS Encryption works?
#33. Your global organization has an IT infrastructure that is deployed using CloudFormation on AWS Cloud. One employee, in us-east-1 Region, has created a stack 'Application1' and made an exported output with the name 'ELBDNSName'. Another employee has created a stack for a different application 'Application2' in us-east-2 Region and also exported an output with the name 'ELBDNSName'. The first employee wanted to deploy the CloudFormation stack 'Application1' in us-east-2, but it got an error. What is the cause of the error?
#34. A Developer at a company is working on a CloudFormation template to set up resources. Resources will be defined using code and provisioned based on certain conditions. Which section of a CloudFormation template does not allow for conditions?
#35. You're a developer doing contract work for the media sector. Since you work alone, you opt for technologies that require little maintenance, which allows you to focus more on your coding. You have chosen AWS Elastic Beanstalk to assist with the deployment of your applications. While reading online documentation you find that Elastic Beanstalk relies on another AWS service to provision your resources. Which of the following represents this AWS service?
#36. A developer has been asked to create a web application to be deployed on EC2 instances. The developer just wants to focus on writing application code without worrying about server provisioning, configuration and deployment. As a Developer Associate, which AWS service would you recommend for the given use-case?
#37. As an AWS Certified Developer Associate, you are given a document written in YAML that represents the architecture of a serverless application. The first line of the document contains Transform: 'AWS::Serverless-2016-10-31'. What does the Transform section in the document represent?
#38. A financial services company is undergoing a compliance audit by the regulator. The company has hundreds of IAM users that make API calls but specifically it needs to be determined who is making KMS API calls. Which of the following services should the audit team use?
#39. The Technical Lead of your team has reviewed a CloudFormation YAML template written by a new recruit and specified that an invalid section has been added to the template. Which of the following represents an invalid section of the CloudFormation template?
#40. As a developer, you are working on creating an application using AWS Cloud Development Kit (CDK). Which of the following represents the correct order of steps to be followed for creating an app using AWS CDK?
#41. You're a developer working on a large scale order processing application. After developing the features, you commit your code to AWS CodeCommit and begin building the project with AWS CodeBuild before it gets deployed to the server. The build is taking too long and the error points to an issue resolving dependencies from a third-party. You would like to prevent a build running this long in the future for similar underlying reasons. Which of the following options represents the best solution to address this use-case?
#42. Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) has a set of APIs for various actions supported by the service. As a developer associate, which of the following would you identify as correct regarding the CreateQueue API? (Select two)
#43. After a test deployment in ElasticBeanstalk environment, a developer noticed that all accumulated Amazon EC2 burst balances were lost. Which of the following options can lead to this behavior?
#44. A multi-national company has multiple business units with each unit having its own AWS account. The development team at the company would like to debug and trace data across accounts and visualize it in a centralized account. As a Developer Associate, which of the following solutions would you suggest for the given use-case?
#45. An application is hosted by a 3rd party and exposed at yourapp.3rdparty.com. You would like to have your users access your application using www.mydomain.com, which you own and manage under Route 53. What Route 53 record should you create?
#46. A cybersecurity firm wants to run their applications on single-tenant hardware to meet security guidelines. Which of the following is the MOST cost-effective way of isolating their Amazon EC2 instances to a single tenant?
#47. A development team lead is configuring policies for his team at an IT company. Which of the following policy types only limit permissions but cannot grant permissions (Select two)?
#48. A developer at a company is trying to create a digital signature for SSH'ing into the Amazon EC2 instances. Which of the following entities can be used to facilitate this use-case?
#49. A development team lead is responsible for managing access for her IAM principals. At the start of the cycle, she has granted excess privileges to users to keep them motivated for trying new things. She now wants to ensure that the team has only the minimum permissions required to finish their work. Which of the following will help her identify unused IAM roles and remove them without disrupting any service?
#50. A development team at a social media company uses AWS Lambda for its serverless stack on AWS Cloud. For a new deployment, the Team Lead wants to send only a certain portion of the traffic to the new Lambda version. In case the deployment goes wrong, the solution should also support the ability to roll back to a previous version of the Lambda function, with MIMINUM downtime for the application. As a Developer Associate, which of the following options would you recommend to address this use-case?
#51. The development team at an IT company would like to provision their own Docker images that can be used as input sources for CodeBuild. These images will contain cached dependencies as well as special tooling for builds that are proprietary to the company. Which of the following services can be used to store and deploy these Docker images?
#52. The development team at an IT company wants to make changes to a current application written in Node.js and deployed on a Linux server. The team lead would like to decouple the application into microservices, package the application to a Docker container which is then run on the AWS infrastructure. Which AWS service is best suited for this change?
#53. The manager at an IT company wants to set up member access to user-specific folders in an Amazon S3 bucket - bucket-a. So, user x can only access files in his folder - bucket-a/user/user-x/ and user y can only access files in her folder - bucket-a/user/user-y/ and so on. As a Developer Associate, which of the following IAM constructs would you recommend so that the policy snippet can be made generic for all team members and the manager does not need to create separate IAM policy for each team member?
#54. A developer is testing Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) queues in a development environment. The queue along with all its contents has to be deleted after testing. Which SQS API should be used for this requirement?
#55. A media company has created a video streaming application and it would like their Brazilian users to be served by the company's Brazilian servers. Other users around the globe should not be able to access the servers through DNS queries. Which Route 53 routing policy meets this requirement?
#56. When running a Rolling deployment in Elastic Beanstalk environment, only two batches completed the deployment successfully, while rest of the batches failed to deploy the updated version. Following this, the development team terminated the instances from the failed deployment. What will be the status of these failed instances post termination?
#57. Which of the following security credentials can only be created by the AWS Account root user?
#58. An E-commerce business, has its applications built on a fleet of Amazon EC2 instances, spread across various Regions and AZs. The technical team has suggested using Elastic Load Balancers for better architectural design. What characteristics of an Elastic Load Balancer make it a winning choice? (Select two)
#59. You have created an Elastic Load Balancer that has marked all the EC2 instances in the target group as unhealthy. Surprisingly, when you enter the IP address of the EC2 instances in your web browser, you can access your website. What could be the reason your instances are being marked as unhealthy? (Select two)
#61. As an AWS Certified Developer Associate, you have configured the AWS CLI on your workstation. Your default region is us-east-1 and your IAM user has permissions to operate commands on services such as EC2, S3 and RDS in any region. You would like to execute a command to stop an EC2 instance in the us-east-2 region. What of the following is the MOST optimal solution to address this use-case?
#62. A development team has configured inbound traffic for the relevant ports in both the Security Group of the EC2 instance as well as the Network Access Control List (NACL) of the subnet for the EC2 instance. The team is, however, unable to connect to the service running on the Amazon EC2 instance. As a developer associate, which of the following will you recommend to fix this issue?
#63. You are a developer working on AWS Lambda functions that are invoked via REST API's using Amazon API Gateway. Currently, when a GET request is invoked by the consumer, the entire data-set returned by the Lambda function is visible. Your team lead asked you to format the data response. Which feature of the API Gateway can be used to solve this issue?
#64. The development team has just configured and attached the IAM policy needed to access AWS Billing and Cost Management for all users under the Finance department. But, the users are unable to see AWS Billing and Cost Management service in the AWS console. What could be the reason for this issue?
#65. CodeCommit is a managed version control service that hosts private Git repositories in the AWS cloud. Which of the following credential types is NOT supported by IAM for CodeCommit?
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